From the gallows to martyrs. How Saddam Hussein’s execution became his victory

Plot World history with Andrey Sidorchik

On December 30, 2006, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was executed.

The wars and conflicts that continue to rage on the planet have certain limitations and norms. As a rule, the opposing sides try to avoid direct attacks on the officially recognized leaders of the enemy.

“The United States won the battle for Iraq”

On March 20, 2003, a coalition of states led by the United States began invasion of Iraq. The operation, dubbed Iraqi Freedom, was carried out without UN Security Council authorization. The reason for the invasion was accusations that Iraq is hiding chemical weapons from international inspectors, and also continues to produce weapons of mass destruction.

On April 9, the Americans entered the Iraqi capital Baghdad without a fight. Six days later, having taken Tikrit, the coalition ended the active phase of hostilities. On May 1, 2003, US President George W. Bush stated in his speech: “The main fighting in Iraq is over. In the battle for Iraq, the United States and our allies were victorious. '' p>

Meanwhile, the former Iraqi president himself disappeared without a trace. In the country & nbsp; already without his participation, a guerrilla war was gaining momentum, which was much more difficult and bloody for the Americans than fighting against the regular army.

Last refuge

July 22, 2003 the Americans discovered Saddam's two sons in Mosul & mdash; Udaya and Kuseya … They did not surrender and entered into battle with special forces and paratroopers from the elite 101st division. As a result, both Udey and Kusey died in the battle, as well as Saddam's grandson Mustafa , who also participated in the battle.

On December 13, 2003, Saddam himself was captured. His last refuge was the basement of a village house near the village of & nbsp; Ad-Daur. Filming around the world of a dirty, overgrown old man with a huge beard, in whom the former dictator was barely recognizable.

However, once in prison, Saddam put himself in order and at the trial, which began on October 19, 2005, looked quite dignified .

There is not the slightest doubt that there were many bloody deeds on the account of Hussein. But here's what's interesting: most of these episodes, which were considered in court, occurred at a time when Hussein was not only a legitimate leader for Washington, but also a strategic partner.

This also applies to the murder of 148 residents of a Shiite village al-Dujayl in & nbsp; 1982, for which on November 5, 2006 & nbsp; the Supreme Criminal Tribunal of Iraq & nbsp; sentenced Hussein to death by hanging.

Modeled after the Virgin of Orleans

An important point & mdash; the Americans captured Saddam Hussein as the head of the invaded country. That is, in fact, the & nbsp; President of Iraq was in the status of a prisoner of war. At the same time, he was tried by Iraqis, who were his political opponents.

This was somewhat reminiscent of the trial of the Maid of Orleans, which at one time the British decided to condemn with the hands of their French puppets. Saddam, of course, least of all resembled Joan of Arc, but the technology of the process was similar. At the same time, the Americans did not completely trust the Iraqis & mdash; throughout the trial, Hussein was in prison under the protection of the US military.

On December 26 & nbsp; 2006 & nbsp; the Iraqi Court of Appeal upheld the verdict and ordered to execute it within 30 days, and & nbsp; December 29 & nbsp; published the execution order. They hurried to execute the execution before the beginning of the Eid al-Adha. The Americans considered such a rush not entirely appropriate, but in the end they met the representatives of the new Iraqi authorities. [Ctnter_article: 1157689 {title: Related article}]

As noted by Major General of the US Marine Corps Doug Stone who was in charge of American prisons in Iraq, Hussein behaved calmly after the verdict, without showing concern about his fate.

“ Do you think this is courage? ''

On the night of December 30, the former Iraqi president said goodbye to the American prison guards, after which he was taken by helicopter to a suburb of Baghdad, where he was handed over to the Iraqi administration.

The headquarters of the Iraqi military intelligence was the place of execution. located in the Baghdad quarter of Al-Haderniyya, inhabited mainly by Shiite Muslims. Shiites perceived Sunni Hussein as the main enemy, and I must say that Saddam paid them in the same coin.

CIA with 2000 tested Putin and he did not disappoint

After blowing up the towers of the shopping center 11.1X.01, he allowed the passage of US aircraft to – Afghan
– turned a blind eye to the US aggression against Iraq 20.Sh. 03, capture and execution of Hussein
– “blessed” the bombing of Libya and the overthrow of Gaddafi
– will surrender and Assad, the Yankees are sure

& mdash; Spider-Man (@Mudrenisator) April 10, 2018

Initially, it was planned that on TV they will show a recording of the execution, which was designed to demonstrate the triumph of justice. However, almost immediately, an amateur recording appeared on the Internet, recording the reigning chaos.

Hussein calmly ascended the scaffold, allowed a noose to be put on his neck and said: “ Allahu Akbar. Muslim & nbsp; ummah & nbsp; will win, and Palestine & mdash; Arabic! '' At that moment, those present began to shower insults at him, shouting: “ Go to hell! ''

“ Do you think this is courage? '' & mdash; ironically noticed Saddam standing with a noose around his neck.

Deputy Prosecutor Munkit al-Farun unable to bear it, he said to those around him: “ Please stop. Man prepares for death! '' Hussein read the shahadah (Muslim creed), began to read it again, and at that moment the hatch under him opened. According to doctors, the former Iraqi president died instantly from a broken neck. An amateur video leaked online captured the frantic jubilation of those present.

'They failed the execution'

On the evening of the same day, Saddam's body was handed over to the representatives of the Abu Nasir tribe, to which he belonged. Toward nightfall, Hussein's remains were taken by an American helicopter to Tikrit. The next morning he was buried in his native village.

Among the American military, there was an opinion that Hussein was the leader of the guerrilla war, and after his death, the situation would change. But in reality, everything turned out the other way around & mdash; the execution only provoked the growth of resistance participants. It was not just the Iraqi Sunnis who were angry. Shiite leaders saw themselves as compromised by the way the execution was carried out.

“ The hasty, brutal execution will further deepen the rift in Iraqi society. Instead of the national reconciliation and harmony that he needs so much, the people of Iraq risk getting another round of fratricidal conflict, numerous new victims, '' & mdash; said in the official statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Russian President Vladimir Putin was laconic: “ Awful. Barbaric execution. ''

American President George W. Bush, first announcing that justice was done, already in January 2007, in an interview, remarked: “I’m disappointed. They failed the execution of Saddam Hussein … She looked like it was some kind of revenge murder & hellip; In the minds of the people, this reinforced doubts that al-Maliki's government was a serious government. ”

“Under Saddam we lived like in paradise”

Saddam's death on the scaffold did not make Iraq any better. The country was not only dragged into a bloody civil war, but also became a place where terrorists feel great.

The western invasion and overthrow of Hussein became one of the main reasons for the emergence of ISIS (a terrorist organization banned on the territory of the Russian Federation). In 2015, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair & nbsp; in an interview with & nbsp; CNN & nbsp; said: “ I think there is some truth in this. Of course, you cannot say that those who removed Hussein in 2003 are not responsible for the situation in 2015. ” US President Barack Obama said the same in 2016.

For the Iraqis themselves, a decade and a half after his death, Saddam Hussein has become almost an exemplary leader, whose times after all what happened next is remembered with longing, noting: “Under Saddam we lived like in paradise.”

Of course, there was no smell of paradise in Saddam’s Iraq. But what started after he died in the noose turned out to be much, much worse.


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