The second President of Kazakhstan made public his claims against the first The President of Kazakhstan called on the businessmen who got rich under the first leader of the country to help the people. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev fulfills the public's request for justice, but runs the risk of provoking discontent among the elites, experts warn
Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev (first left) at a meeting with the leaders of political parties' factions
Claims against the circle of the first president
On Tuesday, January 11, Kazakh President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, speaking by video link to the deputies of the national parliament, for the first time in almost ten days of instability in the country, mentioned the first president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has the official title of leader of the nation (Elbasy). Tokayev did not mention his name even on January 5, when he announced that from that day he himself headed the Security Council (in accordance with the law, this post was to be occupied by Nazarbayev for life). “ Thanks to the first president '' The elbasy in the country has a group of very profitable companies and a layer of wealthy people, even by international standards. I believe that it has come to pay tribute to the people of Kazakhstan and help them on a systematic and regular basis, '', & mdash; Tokayev said on January 11.
According to his proposals, a public fund “ To the People of Kazakhstan '' will be created. The government will have to agree on the list of companies that will make contributions to it, and their size. “ In addition, I expect active participation from those persons who, in fact, possessing huge funds, are in the shadows. I am sure that the fund can become another tool for consolidating society, will strengthen the sense of social justice in citizens '', & mdash; added Tokayev.
Also during this meeting, he repeated that he considers the National Security Committee (KNB) to be guilty of the tragic events, which “ could not and did not want to '' discern a critical threat. KNB chairman Karim Massimov was detained on January 6 on suspicion of high treason. During his long career, Masimov has been Nazarbayev's assistant on foreign policy, deputy prime minister and prime minister of the government, head of the presidential administration and chairman of the KNB. He is the only high-ranking official who was detained these days.
At the same time, the government was dismissed, headed by Askar Mamin, whom Nazarbayev had appointed prime minister a month before his transition to the post of head of the Security Council. In the Samruk-Kazyna investment fund, whose mission, Tokayev recalled, is to improve the national welfare of Kazakhstan, and all its structural divisions will be audited (Nazarbayev heads the fund's advisory board).
After Nazarbayev's dismissal from the post of head of the Security Council, experts interviewed by RBC called the incumbent president the main political beneficiary of the events that had taken place – & mdash; his tandem with Nazarbayev has been destroyed. Tokayev's statements do not directly say that it is the first president of the country who is guilty of creating the crisis, but it follows from them that he created a system in which incomes were distributed unfairly, says Stanislav Pritchin, a senior researcher at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies at the IMEMO RAS. However, the expert calls Tokayev's rhetoric “ pure populism '' & mdash; after all, all companies in the country pay taxes, the problem is & mdash; in the distribution of funds received. “ Did Tokayev intend now to revise the results of the privatization of the 1990s, during which this class of large owners was formed? This will jeopardize the investment climate in the country '', & mdash; the expert warns.
An attempt to revise tax policy, especially in relation to big business, which has lobbying opportunities, media and political representatives, & mdash; it is always a game with fire, the example of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, whose actions caused a huge number of conflicts, is typical here, the expert warns.
Tokayev & mdash; very consistent politician. His statement today is a manifestation of the initially declared policy of transparency and a listening state. In accordance with the logic and concept of the listening state, it takes action ',' mdash; the director of the Center for Analytical Research “ Eurasian Monitoring '' assessed the actions of the Kazakh President Alibek Tazhybaev.
Tokayev's new team
On Tuesday, the new government of Kazakhstan, headed by Alikhan Smailov, was also approved. He is 49 years old, he was born in Alma-Ata, a mathematician by education. In public space, Smailov was not accompanied by a scandalous train of any corruption or other backstage scandals in any position, the Kazakh edition of Informburo writes. The new prime minister managed to work with Tokayev in 2003, at the Foreign Ministry, when the current president headed him.
In total, the new government has 16 ministers, of which seven are new. Interior Minister Yerlan Turgumbayev retained his post. Among those who lost their portfolios, & mdash; Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development Beibut Atamkulov, Kairbek Uskenbaev was appointed to replace him (he was Vice Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development). There was a change in the Ministry of Energy: instead of Magzum Mirzagaliyev, Bolat Akchulakov was approved as its head (he was the managing director for asset management of Samruk-Kazyna JSC). Instead of Marat Beketayev, Kanat Musin, chairman of the judicial collegium for administrative cases of the Supreme Court, was appointed Minister of Justice. Atamkulov & mdash; a member of the 'family', as Nazarbayev's inner circle is called in Kazakhstan,
Mirzagaliyev became the 'scapegoat'; for the decision that led to an increase in the price of liquefied gas, and the Minister of Justice constantly sabotaged all the initiatives and instructions of the president, the Kazakh political scientist Marat Shibutov assessed the reshuffle.
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