Germany supported a ban on the import of Russian uranium. Problems with the harmonization of sanctions against the Russian nuclear industry may arise due to the dependence of Eastern European countries on Russian fuel, writes
Development of the uranium deposit
Germany supported the imposition of sanctions on the import of uranium and components for civil nuclear industry from Russia, Politico reported, citing five unnamed EU diplomats.
According to them, the EU ambassadors and the European Commission discussed sanctions against Russia's nuclear industry this week. Representatives of Poland and the Baltic countries called for restrictions most of all. Meanwhile, the German ambassador announced that the country supports a phase-out of Russian oil, price caps and a ban on the import of Russian uranium.
One of the European diplomats noted that it is important for Germans, Austrians and other Europeans to reduce energy dependence on Russia, so the ban on the import of nuclear fuel “is not a problem for them.” In addition, Germany opposes nuclear energy in general, plans to shut down nuclear power plants before the end of the year and tries to dissuade other countries from investing in nuclear energy, writes Politico.
It is not yet clear when the EU may impose sanctions against the nuclear industry. This is due to the fact that some countries are concerned about nuclear safety and the need to observe certain precautions that will appear after the introduction of restrictions, said one of the senior EU diplomats.
Sanctions could seriously affect the nuclear industry of the European Union, since Russia is the second largest supplier of uranium to the countries of the block. According to Politico, this factor could become sensitive for France, which receives more than 70% of its energy from nuclear power plants, plans to increase their number, and also cooperates with Roscosmos. through the “daughter” in Paris.
However, the country is not dependent on Russian uranium, Politico clarified. French energy giant EDF, which runs the nuclear power plant, said it had a diversified supply. Nuclear fuel supplier Orano has suspended cooperation with Russia and indicated that Russian orders account for less than 0.1% of all deliveries.
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European diplomats drew attention to the fact that strong resistance to nuclear sanctions could come from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Finland, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovakia. The fact is that these countries have Russian-made reactors that cannot operate on fuel of a different origin. 100% dependence on supplies from Russia was indicated by the Slovak Secretary of State for Energy Karol Galek. He spoke about the negotiations between the dependent countries and the American supplier Westinghouse, but admitted that the production of the required fuel could be ensured at least two years later.
In early March, sanctions against the state corporation Rosatom began to consider the administration of US President Joe Biden, Bloomberg wrote, citing sources familiar with the discussion. At that time, the White House consulted with nuclear energy experts about the consequences of such restrictions.
The agency drew attention to the fact that Rosatom; and his “daughters” provide 35% of the world's uranium enrichment. From the report of the corporation for 2020, it followed that the main participants in the global market for uranium conversion services, along with the company, are Orano (France), Cameco (Canada) and ConverDyn (USA).
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