Lithuania's ban on the transit of sanctioned goods to the Kaliningrad region from the rest of Russia violates a number of international legal acts that also affect EU obligations. This was stated by Deputy Speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev in his Telegram.
The day before, the Lithuanian Railways notified the Kaliningrad Railway of the termination of the transit of a number of goods subject to EU sanctions from June 18.
« ; Regarding the beginning blockade of the Kaliningrad region by Lithuania. As an EU member state, Lithuania, within the framework of sanctions (national legislation), violates a number of legally binding international legal acts affecting not only the obligations of Lithuania itself, but also the European Union as a whole,— wrote the senator.
In particular, according to him, Lithuania violated the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between Russia and the European Union of June 24, 1994, as well as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1947. “At this rate, the West may even end up violating the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, where there is also freedom of transit and freedom of the high seas, which still allows ships to pass through the “neutral waters” to the Kaliningrad region. Similarly— airspace»,— emphasized Kosachev.
Kaliningrad Region— the westernmost region of Russia. Geographically, it is separated from the country and exists as an exclave in the Baltics. In the south, the region borders on Poland, and in the north and east— with Lithuania.
Earlier that day, Governor of the Kaliningrad region Anton Alikhanov said that Lithuania's ban on the transit of sanctioned goods to the Kaliningrad region could have far-reaching consequences for Vilnius and the entire EU.
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In April, as part of the fifth package of sanctions, the European Union banned the import of wood and cement from Russia , coal and other goods. Prior to this, the import of steel and iron products was banned
At the same time, the EU excluded road transit between the Kaliningrad region and the rest of Russia from restrictions. The document states that transit road transportation between the Kaliningrad region and Russia of goods, the transportation of which is not prohibited by EU regulations, falls under the exemption from the EU sanctions.