Recognize by rainbow. Who collects our biometric data and why?

Biometric Passport — it is convenient and reliable. And collecting fingerprints for manufacturers of foreign gadgets can be potentially unsafe.

Who collects our data and why? Says head of the laboratory of artificial intelligence, neurotechnologies and business analytics of the Russian University of Economics. G.V. Plekhanov Timur Sadykov.

Why is our data collected?

How to reliably identify a person? This is a matter of paramount importance for government agencies and commercial partners from the early stages of the development of civilization and to to this day.

Now, to establish an identity, reconciliation of a passport with the appearance of a person is most often used. In some cases, it is supplemented by a search for data in police databases by document parameters. Meanwhile, the only link between a person and his passport — a photograph pasted into it. In in most cases — made years or even decades ago. Age-related changes often make visual identification very difficult, not to mention the fact that there are a significant number of people who are very similar in appearance. Which often plays into the hands of criminals. The use of biometric identification methods can solve such problems once and for all.

The human body contains a colossal amount of unique information that makes it possible to unambiguously identify its carrier. According to some estimates, in every DNA molecule — hundreds of megabytes in “digitized form”. This can be used.

Since biometric data is immutable, it and more valuable compared to personal data such as passport, residence permit or information about income. While information about a citizen's income or place of residence becomes obsolete, the geometry of the iris or fingerprints remain virtually unchanged throughout life.

How is it assembled?

Modern science has many methods of biometric identification of a person. These are fingerprint analysis, iris scanning, phonoscopy (identification by voice), a relatively new technique of genetic fingerprinting, and many others. Data on these unique parameters of the human body, allowing it to be unmistakably distinguished from billions of others, is commonly called "biometric".

Most citizens experience  biometric data collection procedures in in connection with travel borders, when issuing biometrical passports with validity for ten years, in the process of applying for obtaining visas to visit certain countries. This data includes a high-resolution photograph and scans of index fingers.

Who collects our data?

Bodies of Internal Affairs of Russia. Such biometric data is stored in distributed databases in repositories with server capacities in the territory of Russia and with strictly regulated access. Mechanisms for software and hardware protection of biometric data are constantly being improved and are not disclosed, as this may be in the hand of potential intruders.

Application developers for smartphones and other devices. Craft solutions sold by foreign manufacturers can be a potential hazard. In particular, the organization of storing fingerprints of users of devices (primarily mobile phones and laptops) with a fingerprint lock raises many questions.

Where is biometrics widely used?

For biometric identification of air passengers. The convenience of biometric passports with double validity has long been appreciated by Russian travelers. This technology provides many advantages: fast passage through the passport control zone, instant automated data entry into the border service database, which practically excludes the possibility of operator error, zero probability of air passenger identification errors.

Implementation of biometric control technologies for air passengers on domestic flights, And in     full automation of passport control procedures due to automatic voice and face recognition of passenger based on neural network technologies will allow to raise the quality of services provided to air passengers and safety of flights to a new level. Queues for passport control, which are at present — — a true scourge of many airports in the world. Automation of control will significantly reduce the cost of airport ground services and in the future, reduce the cost of air tickets.

The only category of passengers that the new technology can and should cause inconvenience — violators whose documents are not in order. They will undoubtedly face very difficult times.

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